Horse racing consists of a range of disciplines, and a trainer can spend their entire lives mastering one discipline in the sport. Horse racing can be divided into 6 categories that constitute flat racing, stakes racing, maiden racing, quarter horse racing, harness racing, and endurance racing.
By far the most popular form of racing, flat racing is a horse race that takes place on a flat, level surface. The Kentucky Derby is one of the most popular flat racing competitions in the world.
This type of racing is like flat racing, but the competition involves jockeys and horses competing for high stakes. There are serious returns for sports bettors and huge prizes on the line for jockeys. These races may at times only allow certain breeds to qualify for a chance to participate.
As the name suggests, it is the first race a horse undertakes before they are allowed to participate in more serious competitions. These are also horses who haven’t managed to claim a win in the past.
Quarter Horse Racing
These types of races focus on a horse’s sheer speed and determination to win. These are short races that may be run in a quarter mile or less. It is exciting to watch these horses as they show off the extent of their abilities on the track.
This type of racing requires a horse to move at a specific pace or trot while pulling the jockey behind them in a two-wheeled seat that the rider straps themselves into.
Endurance racing requires a horse to run on a track for a longer time, testing its speed and stamina. The longest known endurance race is the Mongol Derby which is longer than 1,000 kilometres.
Jockeys and trainers need to take a horse through years of conditioning and training before they are ready to perform on any racetrack.